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After her death in 1968, Gardner married Agnes Jean Bethell (1902–2002), his secretary since 1930. He is best known for the Perry Mason series of detective stories, but he wrote numerous other novels and shorter pieces and also a series of nonfiction books, mostly narrations of his travels through Baja California and other regions in Mexico.

Gardner devoted thousands of hours to "The Court of Last Resort", in collaboration with his many friends in the forensic, legal, and investigative communities.

Borello, A. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). [16][17]:24, Gardner and his first wife separated in the early 1930s. From 1972 to 2010, the Ransom Center featured a full-scale reproduction of Gardner's study that displayed original furnishings, personal memorabilia, and artifacts. His most famous character is crusading lawyer Perry Mason who was later adapted for radio, for a TV series starring Raymond Burr and for films. Born in Malden, Massachusetts, Gardner graduated from Palo Alto High School in 1909 and enrolled at Valparaiso University School of Law in Indiana, but was suspended after approximately one month when his interest in boxing became a distraction. Wrote mysteries for money, and wrote travel books for fun. In 1911 he was admitted to the Bar and started as a trial lawyer by defending poor people, in particular Chinese and Mexican immigrants. While the Perry Mason novels did not delve into their characters' lives very much, the novels were rich in plot detail which was reality-based and drawn from his own experience. [28], An unspecified article Gardner wrote for True magazine is referenced by William S. Burroughs in his 1959 novel, Naked Lunch. In 1968 he married his long-time secretary Agnes Jean Bethell (1902–2002), the "real Della Street". Most of his non-fiction writings dealt with the Baja area of California.

[2][3] Gardner graduated from Palo Alto High School in California in 1909 and enrolled at Valparaiso University School of Law in Indiana. [5]:13 When asked why his heroes always defeated villains with the last bullet in their guns Gardner answered, "At three cents a word, every time I say ‘Bang’ in the story I get three cents. Written in 1939 as the second entry in the Cool and Lam series, the book was rejected at the time by Gardner's publisher.

wife. Under the pen name A. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. [6] He opened his first law office in Merced in 1917, but closed it after accepting a position at a sales agency. (1970). Married 7 August 1968, Carson City, Douglas Co., NV, to Agnes Jean Bethell, born 19 May 1902 - Bozeman, Gallatin Co., MT, deceased 5 December 2002 - Fallbrook, San Diego Co., CA aged 100 years old Siblings. brother. Burr had auditioned for the role of the district attorney Hamilton Burger, but Gardner reportedly declared he was the embodiment of Perry Mason. [21] The space and a companion exhibition were dismantled, but a panoramic view of the study is available online. Gardner died on March 11, 1970, at his ranch in Temecula. The character of Della Street was a composite of Jean and her two sisters, Peggy and Ruth, who also worked as secretaries for Gardner. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Gardner "wrote nearly 100 detective and mystery novels that sold more than 1,000,000 copies each, making him easily the best-selling American writer of his time. In his spare time he began writing for pulp magazines; his first story was published in 1923. If you check the "Remember me" box, you will be automatically signed in for 30 days to TIME.com when you visit in the future. Gardener started writing in the 1930s in pulp magazines. Thanks to the popularity of his series characters—lawyer-detectiv…

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free! He died on March 11, 1970, at his ranch in Temecula.

Gardner had a staff of secretaries to transcribe his dictation. He created many series characters for the pulps, including the ingenious Lester Leith, a parody of the "gentleman thief" in the tradition of A. J. Raffles; and Ken Corning, crusading lawyer, crime sleuth, and archetype for his most successful creation, Perry Mason.

In his early years writing for the pulp magazine market Gardner set himself a quota of 1,200,000 words a year. As of January 2012, he is noted for having the highest ratio (5.31) of mentions in the New York Times crossword puzzle to mentions in the rest of the newspaper among all other people since 1993. His first story was published in 1923. [8] In his early years writing for the pulp magazine market, Gardner set himself a quota of 1,200,000 words a year. Under the pen name A. [12][13], Gardner also created characters for various radio programs, including Christopher London (1950), starring Glenn Ford, and A Life in Your Hands (1949–1952). The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. [2] He opened his first law office in Merced in 1917, but closed it after accepting a position at a sales agency. Erle Stanley Gardner (July 17, 1889 – March 11, 1970) was an American lawyer and author. This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. He returned to California, pursued his legal education on his own, and passed the state Bar exam in 1911.

Podolsky, JD; Bacon, D. “The Defense Rests”. In 1912 Gardner wed Natalie Frances Talbert; they had a daughter, Grace. [5], In 1912, Gardner wed Natalie Frances Talbert. Erle Stanley Gardner (July 17, 1889 – March 11, 1970) was an American lawyer and author.

In the first half of the 20th century, lawyers did not attend law school but gained their education via practical experience, i.e., working in a law office. The 30-minute program is available as a VHS videorecording.

Jon C. Hopwood, Other Works

brother.

[26][27] Hard Case Crime followed publication of The Knife Slipped with a reissued edition of Turn On the Heat, the book Gardner wrote to replace The Knife Slipped, in 2017 and has announced a new edition of The Count of Nine to appear in October 2018. Thereafter he published a few short stories in the "glossies" such as Collier's, Sports Afield, and Look,[7] but the majority of his postwar magazine contributions were non-fiction articles on travel, western history, and forensic science. It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Though best known for the Perry Mason series of detective stories, he wrote numerous other novels and shorter pieces, as well as a series of non-fiction books, mostly narrations of his travels through Baja California and other regions in Mexico. [21] The space and a companion exhibition were dismantled, but a panoramic view of the study is available online. It was at the Pierpont Inn that Gardner, married at the time, met Agnes Jean Bethell, a desk clerk and hostess who became his secretary. Fringe", "The Shortz List of Crossword Celebrities", Erle Stanley Gardner pages with extensive bibliographic and other information, including pulp publications, Erle Stanley Gardner searching for lost mines, I Love Lucy, "The Black Eye", Lucy's book is The D.A.

He was suspended after approximately one month when his interest in boxing became a distraction.

Curtiz eventually won his Oscar for directing Casablanca (1942).The following year, at RKO, granite-chinned heart-throb Richard Dix played Gardner's detective Bill Fenwick in the B-movie Special Investigator (1936). Gardner's readership was a broad and international one, and included the English novelist Evelyn Waugh, who in 1949 called Gardner the best living American writer. Borello, A. Evelyn Waugh and Earl Stanley Gardner. Gardner was cremated and his ashes scattered over his beloved Baja California peninsula. Gardner gave up the practice of law to devote full-time to writing.

[4] [NB: It is still possible in California to take the bar exam without a degree from a law school. [30], In 2001, Huell Howser Productions, in association with KCET, Los Angeles, featured Gardner's Temecula Rancho del Paisano in California's Gold. [17] In 2003 a new school in the Temecula Valley Unified School District was named Erle Stanley Gardner Middle School.[18][19]. Much of that story is set at the historic Pierpont Inn, just down the road from his law office.

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It will enhance any encyclopedic page you visit with the magic of the WIKI 2 technology. Eventually, the Gardners settled in Oroville, California, a small mining town.Young Erle graduated from Palo Alto High School in 1909, but his college education was cut short when he was expelled from Valparaiso University in Indiana early in his freshman year for fighting. The Court - which conducted preliminary investigations of at least 8,000 cases -- eventually disbanded.Gardner died on March 11, 1970, at his home, Rancho del Paisano, in Temecula, California. Gardner had averaged 66,000 typed words a week (10% longer than F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby (1949)). His first story was published in 1923.

In 1954 CBS proposed transforming Mason into a television soap opera.

The TV series was revived in 1989 as made-for-TV movies, starting with "The Case of Too Many Murders" (1989), written by Thomas Chastain.Due to his prodigious output, Garnder had to resort to pseudonyms so that his works wouldn't flood the market and depress their value. About Erle Stanley Gardner. Official Sites. Gardner was born in Malden, Massachusetts, the son of Grace Adelma (Waugh) and Charles Walter Gardner. Gardner remained with Sheridan, Orr, Drapeau and Gardner until 1933, when The Case of the Velvet Claws was published. [8] In his early years writing for the pulp magazine market, Gardner set himself a quota of 1,200,000 words a year.

The project sought to review, and when appropriate, reverse miscarriages of justice against criminal defendants who had been convicted because of poor legal representation, abuse, misinterpretation of forensic evidence, or careless or malicious actions of police or prosecutors.

He is mentioned in relation to a psychotic disorder known as Bang-utot and thought related to Koto. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

[4] In 1937 Gardner moved to Temecula, California, where he lived for the rest of his life. Married. In 1921, he returned to law as a member of the Ventura firm Sheridan, Orr, Drapeau, and Gardner,[4] where he remained until 1933.[7]. In The Case of the Black Cat (1936), the series was foisted off on the B-unit. [10] Early on, he typed stories himself, using two fingers, but later dictated them to a team of secretaries. He had a lifelong fascination with Baja California and wrote a series of nonfiction travel accounts describing his extensive explorations of the peninsula by boat, truck, airplane, and helicopter. 41, a freelance photographer: their first child, a son; in Los Angeles.

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